Category: Historical

  • Download E-books Historical Dictionary of Panama (Historical Dictionaries of the Americas) PDF

    By Thomas M. Leonard

    This Historical Dictionary of Panama covers Panama’s distinctive historical past from the time of its Spanish colonization, via its connection to Colombia within the 19th century, and its lengthy interval of U.S. presence. all through those sessions, Panama drew the skin world’s recognition as a transit direction that first attached the west coasts of Latin the US and the U.S. to Western Europe. therefore, within the lengthy background of the isthmus, its transit direction has served to maneuver shipment, humans, and tradition through the world.

    The wealthy historical past of Panama is roofed via a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an intensive bibliography. The dictionary part has over 500 cross-referenced entries on vital personalities, politics, economic climate, overseas family members, faith, and tradition. This booklet is a wonderful entry element for college kids, researchers, and somebody eager to be aware of extra in regards to the Panama.
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  • Download E-books The Inner Jefferson PDF

    By Andrew Burstein

    Thomas Jefferson's own existence has regularly been a puzzle to biographers. Even his contemporaries stumbled on him tricky to understand. In Jefferson's correspondence, even though, Andrew Burstein has stumbled on a key to the interior guy. This penetrating and considerate portait confronts common misunderstandings approximately Jefferson's romantic lifestyles and gives perception into the contradictions that also encompass our 3rd president.

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  • Download E-books Population Exchange in Greek Macedonia: The Forced Settlement of Refugees 1922-1930 (Oxford Historical Monographs) PDF

    By Elisabeth Kontogiorgi

    Following the defeat of the Greek military in 1922 through nationalist Turkish forces, the conference of Lausanne in 1923 certain the 1st obligatory alternate of populations ratified through a world association. the arriving in Greece of over 1.2 million refugees and their payment proved to be a watershed with far-reaching outcomes for the rustic. Elisabeth Kontogiorgi examines the rural payment of a number of refugees in Greek Macedonia opposed to the heritage of pressured migration and refugee stories extra typically.
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  • Download E-books The Natural Sciences and the Social Sciences: Some Critical and Historical Perspectives PDF

    By I. Bernard Cohen (auth.), I. Bernard Cohen (eds.)

    Natural Sciences and the Social Sciences includes a sequence of explorations of different ways that the social sciences have interacted with the ordinary sciences. often, such interactions are thought of to move purely `one way': from the ordinary to the social sciences. yet there are a number of very important essays during this quantity which convey how advancements within the social sciences have affected the traditional sciences - even the `hard' technology of physics. different essays care for quite a few varieties of interplay because the medical Revolution.
    In his basic introductory bankruptcy, Cohen units a few basic topics pertaining to analogies and homologies and using metaphors, drawing particular examples from using ideas of physics by means of marginalist economists and of advancements within the lifestyles sciences by way of organismic sociologists. the remainder chapters, which discover the several ways that the social sciences and the traditional sciences have truly interacted, are written through leaders within the box of heritage of technology, drawn from quite a lot of international locations and disciplines.
    The publication could be of serious curiosity to all historians of technology, philosophers drawn to questions of method, economists and sociologists, and all social scientists desirous about the historical past in their topic and its foundations.

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  • Download E-books TIME: The 100 Most Influential People of All Time PDF

    During this enthralling ebook, TIME chronicles the interesting lives and innovative instances of history's a hundred so much Infl uential humans. listed here are royals and revolutionaries, religious leaders and scientists, artists and explorers, philosophers and philanthropists. listed below are heroes and villains, Christ and the Buddha, Galileo and Einstein, Joan of Arc and Alexander the good, Aristotle and Jefferson. listed here are the contributors whose lives formed the destinies of hundreds of thousands and altered historical past in its flight.
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  • Download E-books The Most Learned Woman in America: A Life of Elizabeth Graeme Fergusson PDF

    By Anne M. Ousterhout

    During the period of the yankee Revolution and lengthy after, the identify Elizabeth Graeme Fergusson was once popular in Philadelphia, well-known as belonging to 1 of British North America’s such a lot illustrious girls of letters. One admirer dubbed her "the such a lot realized girl in America." during this, the 1st full-length biography of Fergusson, Anne M. Ousterhout brilliantly captures the existence and occasions of America’s first nice woman savant.

    Born in 1737 to a filthy rich relations, Elizabeth Graeme Fergusson excelled from an early age. even supposing ladies in her day have been denied better schooling, Fergusson learn largely, instructing herself in literature, background, and languages, even interpreting classical literature within the unique tongues, an strange skill for a colonial lady. She wrote prolifically—often until eventually dead night or later, spending yet a couple of hours sleeping—and released her poetry. Her journals of a visit to England and Scotland circulated greatly between admiring Philadelphians. in the course of the 1770s she hosted a Saturday night salon at her domestic that used to be unmatched within the colonies for its brilliance.

    Yet regardless of her achievements, Fergusson’s existence was once fraught with monetary woes, undesirable romances, and treasonous plots that hounded her all through her existence. After her father forbade her marriage to Benjamin Franklin’s illegitimate son, she secretly married Henry Hugh Fergusson, a British Loyalist who left her earlier than the Revolution. Henry’s activities, including Elizabeth’s personal political indiscretions, earned her effective enemies, resulting in the confiscation of her kin property, Graeme Park. even if she ultimately succeeded in reclaiming her estate, her popularity used to be tarnished within the procedure. Her efforts to justify her activities have been tireless, alienating associates and making the final fifteen years of her lifestyles depressing.

    The such a lot realized girl in America masterfully narrates Fergusson’s efforts to stay an competently genteel lifestyles, while she struggled opposed to the boundaries that her society put on its girls. within the technique, we will start to comprehend the conflicts—internal and external—that girls of the progressive iteration faced.

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  • Download E-books Consumer Choice in Historical Archaeology PDF

    By Suzanne M. Spencer-Wood (auth.), Suzanne M. Spencer-Wood (eds.)

    Historical archaeology has made nice strides over the last twenty years. Early archaeological studies have been ruled via descriptions of positive factors and artifacts, whereas study on artifacts was once targeting stories of topology, know-how, and chronology. web site reviews from the Sixties and Seventies typically expressed religion within the power artifacts had for supporting within the deciding upon socioeconomic prestige modifications and for realizing the relationships be­ tween the social periods by way of their fabric tradition. An emphasis used to be put on the presence or absence of porcelain or teaware as a sign of social prestige. those have been standard good points in website stories written quite a few years in the past. in this similar interval, advances have been being made within the research of foodstuff bone as archaeologists moved clear of bone counts to minimum animal counts after which directly to the prices of assorted cuts of meat. in the final 5 years our skill to deal with questions of the rela­ tionship among fabric tradition and socioeconomic prestige has enormously ex­ panded. The essays during this quantity current efforts towards measuring expendi­ ture and intake styles represented through often recovered artifacts and meals bone. those styles of intake are tested at the side of facts from documentary assets that offer details on occupa­ tions, wealth degrees, and ethnic affiliations of these that did the eating. one of many clean points of those papers is that the authors aren't frightened of files, and their use of them isn't restricted to a task of confirmation.

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  • Download E-books The Last Leaf: Voices of History's Last-Known Survivors PDF

    By Stuart Lutz

    This certain oral background publication documents the tales informed to the writer in my view through those that witnessed a lot of history’s most famed occasions. between many others, the writer interviewed: the ultimate 3 Civil struggle widows (one Union and Confederate), the ultimate pitcher to give up a house run to Babe Ruth, the final suffragette, the final dwelling individual to fly with Amelia Earhart, the ultimate American international battle I soldier, and the final surviving staff of Thomas Edison, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Harry Houdini. The wide-ranging tales contain humor (the 1920 Olympic medalist who stole the unique Olympic flag), tragedy (the final survivor of the 1915 Lusitania sinking), heroism (the ultimate Medal of Honor recipient for activities on Pearl Harbor Day), and eyewitnesses to nice occasions (one of the final scientists on the first nuclear chain response, and the ultimate Iwo Jima flag raiser).

    In greater than three-dozen chapters, the writer blends history info in a full of life narrative with the phrases of the interviewees, in order that readers now not conversant in the old episodes defined can comprehend what happened and the long term value of the occasions. A booklet that actually makes the prior come alive, The final Leaf will fascinate not just historical past buffs, yet somebody who likes a very good tale.
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  • Download E-books Historical Atlas of Texas PDF

    By A. Ray Stephens, William M. Holmes

    Texas, a land with a special snapshot, has remained for the main half in the American mainstream. during this historic atlas sixty-four maps, observed via short interpretive essays, illustrate the main major occasions and topic parts in Texas historical past and geography.Since the coming of the 1st Europeans in 1528, six various countries have claimed sovereignty over the Lone superstar state’s various areas. Readers and students in any respect degrees will take pleasure in studying from this atlas how Texas’s local population and later arrivals spoke back to one another and to the state’s various terrain.
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  • Download E-books The Logico-Algebraic Approach to Quantum Mechanics: Volume I: Historical Evolution PDF

    By Garrett Birkhoff, John Von Neumann (auth.), C. A. Hooker (eds.)

    The 20th century has witnessed a notable transformation within the un­ derstanding of the theories of mathematical physics. There has emerged essentially the concept actual theories are considerably characterised by way of their summary mathematical constitution. this can be against the tradi­ tional opinion that one may still glance to the categorical functions of a conception in an effort to are aware of it. One may well with cause now espouse the view that to appreciate the deeper personality of a concept one needs to comprehend its summary constitution and comprehend the importance of that struc­ ture, whereas to appreciate how a idea should be transformed in mild of its experimental inadequacies one has to be in detail accustomed to the way it is utilized. Quantum conception itself has passed through a improvement this century which illustrates strikingly the transferring standpoint. From a set of intuitive actual maneuvers below Bohr, via a formative degree during which the mathematical framework used to be bifurcated (between Schrödinger and Heisenberg) to a chic fruits in von Neumann's Hilbert area formula the effortless conception moved, flanked even on the later level through the ill-understood formalisms for the relativistic model and for the field-theoretic altemative; after that we have got a gentle, yet consistent, elaboration of some of these quantal theories as summary mathematical struc­ tures (their aspect of departure being von Neumann's formalism) till this day theoretical paintings is seriously preoccupied with the manip­ ulation of in basic terms summary structures.

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